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OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (OOP) (Preferred term)
A method of software development that is used to design systems by grouping conceptually related code into objects, often these objects are representations of corresponding real-world entities, such as an Employee or a Car.
A programming technology that make use of reusable, modular components; includes the processes of encapsulation and inheritance and ability to create an object before its exact character is known.
A programming technique in which programs are perceived as a collection of objects that contains attributes and behavior. All of them interact with one another to form a functional system.
Source: Extract from Wikipedia